City train: lacks of Nissan LEAF with a run
Nissan LEAF - an electric car of class "C" (hatchback) developed by the Japanese concern Nissan. Surely, each of you thought about how to reduce the cost of maintaining the car (saving fuel, increasing the service interval, etc.). To date, more and more automakers are trying to solve not only this problem, but also the problem of the deterioration of the ecology on our planet. One of the leaders in the segment of affordable electric vehicles is the company Nissan, which developed a full-featured hatchback called LEAF, which is no different from the representatives of the golf class, except that no exhaust pipes. Today I will tell you about all the advantages and disadvantages of this car and the characteristic problems that are often encountered when buying a Nissan LEAF with mileage.
Problems and weaknesses Nissan LEAF with a runGiven the ideology of the car (saving resources and purity of the planet) paint is water-based. Because of this chips and scratches on the car body appear even from a slight mechanical impact. As for the corrosion resistance, it's too early to talk about its reliability (most copies are operated in the CIS for no more than 2-3 years). Most of Nissan LEAF is brought to us with the help of so-called "gray dealers", which, as a rule, bring cars rebuilt after an accident or flood, therefore, it will be better to check the body parts and electronics for a specialized service. When inspecting, pay attention to the hood, it is made of aluminum and is difficult to straighten (on cars of the first years of release from the same material did and doors). American and European versions have differences in optics settings, because of this many can not pass the certification until they replace the optics, and this is not the pleasure of cheap ($ 500) Another difference between the American and European versions is the absence of repeaters of turns in the wings and in the rear optics. This fact adds inconvenience and additional costs when passing certification. On the copies of the first years of production, attention must be paid to the mounting of the aerodynamic visor installed on the trunk lid (the fastening is loose). Because of the lack of heat under the hood, with the onset of severe cold, the hatch of the charging port often freezes. In order not to get into an unpleasant story (at the right moment can not open) in the cold season it must be treated with a special anti-ice cream.EnginesNissan LEAF is equipped with 80 kW electric motor (about 108 hp, 280 N · m), depending on the year of production, the power may be slightly different. When the first time you look under the hood of the car, creeps in the thought that there will be a small motor, from which there are semi-axles on the wheels, however, this is not so. The power unit looks quite serious and does not differ much from the internal combustion engines. In addition to the engine under the hood is a normal 12V battery, which feeds most of the electronics (The air conditioner and the stove work from the electric motor). This motor is good not only because it does not need to be fueled, but also because it does not require maintenance. By purchasing an electric car, you will forget what is the replacement of oil, timing belt, spark plugs, pumps and other costs that are required to service an internal combustion engine. The only thing that needs to be changed here is the brake fluid (every 2 years), top up the liquid for washing the glasses and monitor the level of charge of the batteries.
The engine is responsible for lithium-ion battery capacity of 24 kW, for cars produced after 2015 began to install reinforced batteries for 30 kW. The power reserve on a fully charged battery largely depends on the driving style, but, in most cases, one charge is enough for 120-150 km, on a strengthened battery - up to 180 km. The manufacturer gives a warranty for a battery of 8 years or 160,000 km. At the seasoned motorists often there is a question, and what can fail this engine, and my answer will surprise you - anything. The only thing that can make you call on the service (applies only to the electric motor and battery) is only the loss of the capacity of the battery itself, which occurs with time. It is worth noting the fact that the more often the car is used, the longer the battery life will last. To prolong battery life, you must not allow it to dilute below 20%. If you often discharge the battery completely its life will significantly decrease. You can learn about the status of the battery on the instrument panel (12-section bar). If all 12 sections are lit on it, it means that the battery is working. If in time their number starts to decrease, it means that the battery loses its capacity. Fortunately, if you reduce the battery capacity, you will not have to change the entire battery, but only the worn out modulethe battery consists of 48 modules). Voltage in some wires of the car network is 390V, so if you decide to perform any repairs on your own in the garage conditions, be extremely cautious.
TransmissionNissan LEAF does not have the usual, for most, gearbox, here its function is performed by a conventional single-stage gearbox. The reverse gear is switched on by changing the pole of the electric motor, so that it begins to spin in the opposite direction. Unlike the power unit, the reducer must be serviced, replacement of lubricant must be carried out every 40-50 thousand km. As for the reliability of the gearbox, then, to date, there are no complaints about its performance.Driving performance Nissan LEAF with a runThe Nissan LEAF uses a semi-independent suspension from Nissan Juke, in front - McPherson, rear - the beam. The ground clearance is only 160 mm, therefore, many experts recommend to install protection on the battery (under the bottom), which will protect against possible troubles, or replace the racks with higher ones (fit from the Nissan Juke). Traditionally, for modern cars, the weakest point of the car are the racks and bushings of the stabilizer, their lifespan does not exceed 50 thousand km. Also, to weak places of suspension can be attributed ball bearings, in most cases they change every 60-80 thousand km (the original part is sold only in conjunction with the lever). Silent blocks are capable of holding 100-120 thousand km, about the same number are also front shock absorbers.
The rear suspension is considered not to be killed, the only thing that needs to be replaced is the "rubber bands", but they do not change more than once every 100,000 km and the shock absorbers (with safe operation can hold up to 150,000 km). The steering has an electric booster, which, depending on the speed, changes the degree of amplification on the steering wheel. As for its reliability, there are no claims to it. The tailpieces serve 70-90 thousand km, traction - up to 150,000 km. No complaints and the brake system, so, for example, with a calm manner of movement, the brake pads can last up to 100,000 km.SalonThe Nissan LEAF salon fully corresponds to the ideology of the car (economy and preservation of the planet's ecology) and is made of recycled materials (recycled plastic), despite this, even in cars aged 4-5 years in the cabin there are no extraneous soundsScratches and knocks from plastic elements). Salon equipment is generally reliable, the only thing that can be criticized is the air conditioning system on cheap versions of the car. Over time, cracks appear on the high pressure tube (Most often, cracks appear at the joints). On expensive versions this affliction is not revealed.
Nissan LEAF will be an ideal option if you are looking for an inexpensive, economical, and, at the same time, reliable car. When choosing such a car you must have a place for charging (in the garage, in the parking lot) where he can easily fill up the battery charge from the 220V (for a full charge of the battery Nissan LEAF it takes 8 hours, at the specialized stations up to 3 hours, fast charge 80% for 29 minutes).
Yours faithfully, edition
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