Reasonable minimum: the shortcomings of Niva Chevrolet with a run
Niva Chevrolet - a small car, which, at first glance, it seems a SUV, but, in fact, it's a real SUV. Due to its small size, short base, permanent full drive with symmetrical differential, the presence of locks and reduced gear, this car is able to get out of almost any marsh. For fourteen years of its existence, the car has undergone virtually no changes, the only thing the manufacturer decided on, it added a plastic kit. And here, whether all is so stable with reliability and what to expect from the second-hand Niva Chevrolet, now and we will try to find out.
A bit of history:
The body of the Niva Chevrolet begins to become covered with rust in the fifth year of operation, the centers of corrosion appear almost at all joints and corners of the car. The paintwork is very weak, especially on the plastic elements of the body. Many owners do not recommend washing the car with high pressure washers, as it very often kicks out pieces of paint. If you constantly drive from the reserve on the back door, then, in time, its loops are pulled back and the door starts to close badly. To avoid this trouble many owners carry a spare in the trunk. Two motors - 1.8 (125 hp) of Opel production are available on the car, they are equipped with only export cars and 1.7 liters (80 hp) produced by AvtoVAZ, this motor is designed for market of the CIS. Cars with a 1.8 engine are a real exotic for our market, so there is no point in talking about its reliability. Motor 1.7 has a good resource and has a number of significant disadvantages. The timing gear is equipped with a metal chain. The main disadvantage of this unit is considered to be an unreliable design of the regular timing belt tensioner, which often leads to a chain jump. The signal about the need to replace the tensioner will serve as a thundering sound from under the hood at the start of the cold engine and diesel rumble at idle. If, the running engine often arbitrarily stalls, most likely it is necessary to flush or replace the throttle valve and fuel injectors (flushing is recommended at least every 70-90 thousand km). Also, not known for its reliability and ignition module, a signal of the need for its replacement will serve as a deterioration in the dynamic performance and engine displacement. Some time in 100000 km replacement of hydraulic compensators is required, if they are not replaced in time this will lead to premature failure of the ramp and burnout of the valves, which, in the end, will significantly reduce the compression in the cylinders. In order to prolong the life of hydraulic compensators, the specialists of the firm STO recommend checking the oil level and keeping it above the average. The car, with a mileage of more than 150,000 km, increases oil consumption - up to 300 grams per 1000 km. Often, the reason for the increased oil consumption is the hardened oil sump caps, on average, every 100,000 km requires the replacement of the oil pump, the idle speed regulator, the mass flow sensor, the cylinder head gasket and the starter. The cooling system is disappointed by the frequent appearance of radiator leakage, and the quality of the expansion the tank does not stand up to any criticism (cracking), as a result, it has to be changed every 15-20 thousand km. Periodically, it is necessary to pay attention to the condition of the connecting clamps of the lower branch pipe going to the radiator, in order to avoid leakage of the cooling liquid. Also, not known for its reliability and mounting bracket for the exhaust manifold, a signal for the need to replace will serve extraneous sounds resembling rattling. Noisy operation of a gasoline pump is quite common, this feature can not be cured. Once in 4-5 years, check the condition of the fuel pipes that are under the bottom, because over time, they accumulate a large amount of dirt and reagents that contribute to corrosion, which as a result will lead to a leak of gasoline.
Niva Chevrolet is equipped with only a five-speed manual transmission. As experience of operation has shown, mechanics are reliable enough, but it has enough insignificant shortcomings. The main ones can be distinguished: the vibration of the gearbox knob at high engine speeds (2500 and above), on warranty cars, the dealer, under warranty, changed the lever assembly, but this did not solve the problem for long. Some owners managed to eliminate the vibration of the lever, replacing the plug and the bearing. If, on the car began to knock out the fifth and the rear gear, most likely, you need to adjust the wings gear selector gear. The weakening of the clamp of fastening of the stage often leads to the shift of the lever forward, as a result, the fifth and back gears cease to turn on. Coupling has a decent resource (80-100 thousand km), but the squeeze bearing can ask for replacement already at 40,000 km run, also, it is necessary to monitor the condition of the anther of the working cylinder. Another Achilles heel is considered to be a distribution, the leakage of the stuffing boxes of the transfer case is quite common. It is also worth mentioning that every third machine, even a serviceable distribution, generates a terrible howl when driving. The Neva Chevrolet suspension has a fairly simple design and does not cause any special problems. Due to the special design, the wheel bearing must be adjusted and tightened at least once per 25,000 km, and if not neglected, the bearings will support up to 80,000 km. Also, do not forget to check for any cracks in the joints of the CV joints every half a year and to sprinkle the crossings once every six months. Most often it is necessary to replace the traction of the rear suspension - once in 40-50 thousand km. The disadvantages of the front suspension include silentblocks of upper levers and ball joints, their resource is 50-70 thousand km. Once in 70-90 thousand km, replacement bearings, shock absorbers and their springs are required. Every five years of operation, it is necessary to change the brake hoses to new ones. The service line of the front brake pads is up to 50000 km, the rear lines are up to 60-80 thousand km.
Niva Chevrolet is quite reliable, unpretentious and inexpensive SUV. The car will be an excellent option for fans of outdoor activities (fishing, hunting), who are not afraid and love to repair themselves. The listed problem areas are just statistics of the most common faults, according to the owners of this car and specialized service stations. Buying this car, you should understand that anything can break here, therefore, to pedantic motorists Niva is not a comrade. When buying this car, much depends on the fart, as a rule, the lucky ones sing the odes about its reliability, but those who are unlucky have to constantly eliminate annoying minor malfunctions.
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