European business sedan for relatively little money: disadvantages Volkswagen Passat B7 with a run
Volkswagen Passat B7 - the seventh generation of the legendary sedan Passat family produced by the concern Volkswagen. This car has an impressive history, which lasts more than 40 years. Most recently, the eighth generation of this model debuted on the market, thanks to this, the previous generation was significantly cheaper and became available to a wider range of car enthusiasts. Passat is a car that is chosen with the mind, not with the heart, but, here, with what problems the future owners of the Volkswagen Passat B7 with the mileage will have to face, now we will try to find out.
Weaknesses and shortcomings Volkswagen Passat B7 with a runLike most modern cars, the paint coating of the Volkswagen Passat B7 body is not of the best quality, as a result of scratches and chips in cars older than three years is a common occurrence. As for the corrosion resistance of the body, in general, there are no complaints, but a couple of places on the body still require special attention - the front of the bonnet, the edges of the doors and the trunk lid (in the area of the license plate). In most cases, in these places there are dots of rust (bugs) - rarely when the car in the "native" paint has rusty places the size of a coin. The exception can be cars that were repaired after an accident.EnginesFor passengers Passat B7 there is a huge choice of power units: petrol - atmospheric V6 in volume 3.6 (300 hp), turbocharged (TSI) with direct injection 1.4 (122-150 hp), 1.8 (160 hp) , 2.0 (210 hp); diesel TDI with Common Rail injection system - 1.6 (105 hp) and 2.0 (140, 170 and 177 hp) .The most popular among motorists are the turbocharged power units of 1.8 and 2.0. Both engines have good dynamics and moderate fuel consumption, among the shortcomings can be noted increased oil consumption, on cars with a mileage of more than 100,000 km, it can reach 2-2.5 liters per 10,000 km run. Both engines are equipped with a timing chain drive, which on copies produced before 2011, in most cases requires replacement after 60,000 km. Later, the manufacturer eliminated the problem by releasing better parts (chain, tensioners) that allowed to increase the drive service lines to 200,000 km. For replacing the timing and pump in the service will have to lay out about 300 USD According to the rules, the spark plugs need to be changed every 80-100 thousand km, however, many experts recommend doing this much earlier (every 50-60 thousand km). The fact is that because of insufficiently high-quality fuel, the candle electrode gets dirty quickly, and this can lead to a voltage jump, because of which the ignition coils may prematurely fail. Replacement of one coil will cost about 50 cu. Thanks to electronics, which recognizes which cylinder is wrong burning and turns off the appropriate fuel nozzle, you can avoid more serious trouble (heat load and catalyst failure). Also, common shortcomings include: contamination of the crankcase ventilation system, leakage of gaskets and seals, zakoskovka valves, resulting in premature failure of the valve guides and their glands. The engine 1.4, unlike more powerful powertrains, does not have serious problems with increased consumption of oil, but, after 30000 km of run can present a surprise in the form of a failed pump with an electromagnetic clutch. If the problem is not rectified in time, this can lead to burnout of the pistons. Replacing the pump on a version of 150 hp. will cost 500 cu, for a weaker version, the same detail costs 50-100 cu. When operating a car with a 1.4 engine, you must constantly monitor the condition of the timing chain, since it can present an unpleasant surprise on cars with a run (tension and skew of the chain). The service line of the timing system, when properly operated, does not exceed 150,000 km. Also, the disadvantages of this motor include a poor airtightness of the intake system, rapid contamination and leakage of the radiators of the cooling system. The resource of the motor in most cases is 150-200 thousand km, after which it is necessary to change the piston group, this fact pushes unscrupulous sellers to torsion of the real run. If you fill the car with 92-m gasoline, errors in the operation of the fuel equipment or the failure of the servo drive of the turbine adjustment are possible. Due to the heavy weight of the machine, the turbine serves 40-60 thousand km with active operation. The atmospheric engine 3.6 turns this car into a rocket, but for such a dynamics one has to pay an indecently high fuel consumption up to 17 liters per 100 km. As for reliability, I would like to mention here a small resource of the timing chain, and the fact that the engine will have to be removed to replace the chain adds to the troubles. Also, servicemen note a tendency to zakoskovke valves and piston group. It is worth noting the complexity of maintenance and repair, high operating costs and a considerable transport tax.
Diesel engines are generally reliable, but as you know, buying cars with a diesel engine in the CIS is always a lottery, since most of them are imported to us from Europe with large runs. Of the disadvantages of diesel power units, one can note the exacting nature of the fuel system to the quality of fuel, and since there are problems with this in the CIS, owners often face the need to change injectors (80-120 thousand km), fuel pump and EGR valve. Unlike gasoline engines, diesel engines are equipped with belt drive timing. Its claimed resource is about 180,000 km, but many owners recommend changing it every 100-130 thousand km. On cars, which are mainly operated in the city, closer to 100,000 km there are problems with the PDF-filter. The fault is manifested by the deterioration of the dynamics and the appearance of an error on the instrument panel. If you do not pay attention to the problem, eventually, the engine will go into emergency operation mode. After 200,000 km, a two-mass flywheel is required.
TransmissionVolkswagen Passat B7 was equipped with three types of gearboxes - six-speed mechanics and automatic transmission, as well as a robotic DSG transmission. The least effort is brought by the mechanic, in it even the clutch kit, with careful operation, serves up to 200,000 km. There are no complaints about the automatic transmission, however, because of the complex design of the box there is a risk, they will face costly repairs. Most often, troubles occur on cars whose owners did not bother with timely service (oil and filter change). On the run of 100-120 thousand km there may be a twitching due to the contamination of the hydroblock. With proper maintenance, the transmission is able to please the mileage of 300,000 km. From buying a used Volkswagen Passat B7 with a DSG box it is better to refuse, since its service life in a metropolis is 80-130 thousand km, after which expensive repair or replacement of the transmission is required (from 1000 cu). There were cases of failure of the box and at 30,000 km (replacement of the clutch was required). To extend the lines of service can often change the oil (every 30-35 thousand km).Performance Volkswagen Passat B7 with a runVolkswagen Passat B7 uses an independent suspension: in front - McPherson, rear - mnogorychazhka. Chassis is generally reliable, but with the arrival of cold weather it is filled with various sounds when moving tram tracks or driving on a rough road. The reason for extraneous sounds is mainly the pillars and bushings of the stabilizer (their resource rarely exceeds 10,000 km). Also, the lines of the silentblock service are not happy with 40-60 thousand km. In the aggressive manner of driving after 50,000 km hub bearings can hammer, reducing the chances of survival of this knot with large diameter discs. For a little longer, the pillars of the front pillars live up to 70,000 km, and the shock absorbers rarely care for more than 100,000 km. The other elements of the suspension serve 100-150 thousand km. As for the reliability of the steering, the electric power steering deserves special attention. The most common problems with the amplifier are due to the oxidation of the power contacts. Also, problems can arise in the mechanical part of the unit. The rake, as a rule, does not cause trouble 120-150 thousand km. The brake system is reliable and does not cause much trouble for a long time.SalonThe quality of finishing materials, like that of most cars of this class, is at a high level, in spite of this, in the cars with a mileage of more than 100,000 km, the salon is not devoid of wear marks. Also, it is worth noting that over the years crickets settle in the cabin. Most often, extraneous sounds emanate from the instrument panel, the center console, the rear shelf and the brake lantern. As for the electricians, in general, it is reliable, problems that are often repeated are not revealed. The car is equipped with a large number of different electronic systems, for which the control units are responsible - they can start to make a "head" with time. In most cases, to solve a particular problem, it is enough to reflash the corresponding block, but this requires time and money, so before buying a used car, be sure to check the electronics for errors.
In general, the second-hand Volkswagen Passat B7 is a good car for quite adequate money (10-14 thousand dollars). When choosing the car of this model, it is better to focus on the copies issued after 2012, there are two reasons here: the first - in 2011 the manufacturer eliminated many shortcomings; the second - such instances will have a relatively small mileage.
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